There are various types of adult stem cells. The type of adult stem cells which are associated with tissue repair are called mesenchymal stem cell (MSC). These specific stem cells are capable of repairing damaged tendons, ligaments, intervertebral disc and fractured bones. There are two major sources of mesenchymal stem cells: bone marrow derived and adipose (fat) derived. Bone marrow stem cells are obtained via a needle which is inserted into iliac crest. Adipose stem cells are typically collected during a liposuction.
Why is this important? Bone marrow derived stem cells has been demonstrated to be superior in their ability to repair cartilage, tendon and ligament when compared to adipose derived cells. Bunnell demonstrated that adipose stem cells are biologically similar, although not identical, to mesenchymal stem cells derived from the bone marrow. Vidal demonstrated that equine bone marrow derived stem cells have far greater regenerative properties for damaged cartilage than adipose derived cells. Kisiday also demonstrated that bone marrow derived stem cells have superior ability to repair and change into cartilage.
If you have an orthopedic condition and elect to use stem cell therapy, bone marrow derived stem cells offer the best success. Regenexx exclusively utilizes autologous bone marrow derived stem cells for damaged ligaments, tendon, and cartilage.