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thoracic spine anatomy

Thoracic Spine Anatomy – Exploring Parts And Functions

What Is The Thoracic Spine? The thoracic spine refers to the section of the spinal column corresponding to the mid-back.  It is between the cervical spine (neck) and the lumbar spine (low back).  It consists of 12 boney building blocks called vertebral bodies that are labeled T1-T12.  The T refers to the thoracic spine. The … Continued

ACDF procedure

Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Complications

ACDF stands for Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. It is a surgical procedure to treat cervical spine (neck) problems such as herniated disc, degenerative disc disease, or spinal stenosis. In this article, we will review what this surgery is and discuss anterior cervical discectomy and fusion complications. A brief overview of what the surgery entails: … Continued

What is a cervical disc?

What is a Cervical Disc?

There are 23 discs in the spine: 6 in the cervical region (neck), 12 in the thoracic region (middle back), and 5 in the lumbar region (lower back). The disc’s function is to provide flexibility and stability to the spine. The disc absorbs approximately 70% of the forces placed on the spine in multiple movements … Continued

Getting A Second Opinion After Surgery: Why Do You Need It?

Seeking a second opinion from another health provider isn’t that uncommon if surgery is recommended as a treatment option. After all, surgery is invasive, expensive and recovery can be many months in duration. As such, you’ll want to ensure the surgery is the right choice and necessary before proceeding. However, undergoing surgery isn’t the end … Continued

Thoracic Spine MRI: What is It?

 Are you getting an MRI of your thoracic spine?  Get the help you need with the Centeno-Schultz Clinic.  Learn what you need to know about this exam. What to expect on your thoracic spine MRI scan? What exactly is an MRI of the thoracic spine?  How does an MRI work? What are the risks and … Continued

Thoracic Spine X-Ray: Diagnosing Spinal Conditions

Thoracic pain can be debilitating.  There are many causes of thoracic pain which include disc,  facet, costovertebral joint, ligament, and tendon injuries. An accurate diagnosis is paramount.  X-rays are an important tool that is used to accurately diagnose many thoracic spine conditions. Benefits Of X-Rays For The Thoracic Spine Thoracic spine x-rays provide a picture … Continued


How To Release A Pinched Nerve In The Shoulder

A pinched nerve in the shoulder occurs when a nerve is compressed or irritated anywhere along its path, from the nerve root where it emerges from the cervical spine to the area in the shoulder it supplies. This can lead to shoulder pain, numbness, and pins and needles, and can even affect the movement of … Continued

What is Thoracic Spine Pain? A Quick Start Guide

It was all a blur.  While sitting at a red light, you were rear-ended.  The pain was like a lightning bolt between your shoulder blades.  Virtually any movement makes it worse.  Your doctor thinks you have thoracic spine pain and recommends a referral.  What is Thoracic Spine Pain? What is the Thoracic Spine? What are … Continued

A Guide On The Questions To Ask When Getting A Second Opinion

Whether you’ve been diagnosed with an illness or your doctor has recommended a specific treatment (such as surgery) to address a health concern, it’s perfectly normal to want a second opinion. Getting a second opinion is one of the smartest things you can do to ensure you’re getting the best possible care. You should be … Continued